Jute is a long, soft, shiny vegetable fiber that can be spun into coarse, strong threads. It is produced primarily from plants in the genus Corchorus, which was once classified with the family Tiliaceae, and more recently with Malvaceae. The primary source of the fiber is Corchorus olitorius, but it is considered inferior to Corchorus capsularis. Jute is the name of the plant or fiber that is used to make burlap, hessian or gunny cloth. Jute is a rain-fed crop and requires about 110 days to grow. The jute plant grows to a height of 10-15 feet with slender branches bearing small yellow flowers. The jute plant bears fruit in the form of capsules containing three to five brown seeds. The jute fibers are usually harvested during the rainy season when the plants are full of moisture. The plants are cut close to the ground and the fibers are extracted by retting, a process of decomposition that separates the fiber from the woody core of the plant. The fibers are then washed and sun-dried before being spun into threads. Jute is a versatile fiber and can be used for a variety of purposes. It is commonly used to make sacks and bags for the packaging of goods such as rice, wheat, and spices. Jute is also used to make carpets, rugs, and mats. The fiber is also used in the manufacture of cordage and twine. With the increasing demand for jute products, the cultivation of jute has expanded to new areas. Bangladesh is the largest producer of jute in the world, followed by India. Other major producing countries include China, Brazil, and Thailand.